The agreement between Belgium and Turkey contains detailed rules for the application of the granting of social security benefits. Before leaving, you must inquire with the competent institutions about the formalities to be completed to obtain your social security benefits or to obtain social security benefits. In addition to a number of exceptions mentioned in the agreement, such as for example. B in case of posting, you are subject to Turkish social security legislation when working in Turkey. The agreement between Belgium and Turkey has the following advantages: Turkey has signed social security agreements with 28 countries. These agreements are listed in the table below. 1. For persons registered in the social security scheme after 1.10.2008. (2) The signatories to the Europe Agreement on Social Security are Austria, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Greek Cyprus, Luxembourg, Denmark, Malta, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Turkey, Sweden, Spain and Portugal. (3) The countries with a bilateral social security agreement with Turkey are: the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, France, Libya, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Macedonia, Azerbaijan, Romania, Georgia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, the Czech Republic, Albania, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovakia, Serbia, South Korea, Italy, Montenegro. The contribution rates are different for each of the above-mentioned branches: a social security ceiling is applied when the amount of the aforementioned salary exceeds a certain threshold. This ceiling is formulated as a minimum wage of 6.5 times.
Above this threshold, the premium to be paid remains unchanged. In addition to the above-mentioned employer and worker contributions, the Turkish State also contributes to supporting the social security system. The State contributes up to a quarter of all premiums to long-term and general health insurance and 1% to unemployment insurance (which corresponds to the share of employees). In addition, 5% of the employer`s share of workers` long-term social security premiums is also subsidised by the Turkish State for private sector employers, provided that they pay the social security premiums for their workers on time and do not have unpaid debts to the social security institution. In this case, the overall burden of social security contributions increases from 37.5% to 32.5%. Social security premiums are paid monthly and are deductible from taxable income. Social security requirements for foreigners A foreign person who does not have social protection elsewhere must be registered by the local employer in the Turkish social security system. On the other hand, foreign persons covered by social security in another country are exempt from the payment of social security contributions in Turkey, provided that (a) a mutual agreement has been signed between Turkey and its country of origin or (b) their country of origin is a party to the Europe Agreement on Social Security. . .