As early as 1984, President Ronald Reagan passed the Trade and Customs Act, which allowed the president to negotiate free trade agreements more quickly. Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney supported the President and the United States of Canada. The free trade agreement was finally signed in 1988; It came into force a year later. Article 102 of the nafta sets out its purpose. There were seven concrete objectives. Nevertheless, the “Most Favored Nation” (MFN) clause played an important role in nafta. Under NAFTA, all co-signed countries are granted MFN status, which means that they have to treat all parties on a single level in terms of trade. Thanks to the MFN, countries are not allowed to favour investors from non-NAFTA countries or to show greater favours towards foreign investors. In fact, they all have to be treated the same in the agreement. The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S.
President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his 1980 presidential campaign. After the signing of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, the governments of U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney agreed to negotiate nafta. Both submitted the agreement for ratification in their respective capitals in December 1992, but NAFTA faced considerable opposition in both the United States and Canada. The three countries ratified NAFTA in 1993 following the addition of two related agreements, the North American Worker Cooperation Agreement (NAALC) and the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC). Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA came into force on July 1, 2020.
Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labour rules. Coronavirus can also complicate implementation as manufacturers adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis. A trade agreement with Mexico and Canada revises Mexico`s labour laws and further encourages auto production in North America.